The Seamless Fusion of Environmental, Social, and Economic Sustainability in the Digital Age

13 min

We live in an age where digital is as ubiquitous as electricity, phones, and running water and influences every aspect of our lives, from the way we work and communicate to the way we entertain ourselves and search for information. This is because technologies can be shaped by the goals we want to achieve. This is why they have become increasingly important in the challenge of achieving not only environmental sustainability but also social and economic sustainability, which are intertwined in a complex dance. Neglecting one can lead to imbalances and tensions that undermine the whole system. This article explores this broader vision of sustainability in our post-digital society. We will delve into what it means for a society to be environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable and how digital technologies interact with and influence these three aspects.

Guardianship for mother earth through environmental sustainability

Environmental sustainability is a concept that has rapidly gained traction and relevance in recent years, becoming an integral part of policy and strategy discussions in government, business, and society. But what does environmental sustainability mean?

At its core, environmental sustainability is about balance – it’s about balancing our own needs with the health and vitality of our planet. It is based on ensuring that the use rate of natural resources does not exceed the Earth’s capacity to replace those resources. It’s about ensuring that the damage we do to our environment-whether through air pollution, water contamination, or a myriad of other human-caused environmental harms-doesn’t exceed the Earth’s capacity to repair itself.

But environmental sustainability goes beyond that. It embraces the concept of stewardship, an ethical responsibility to future generations. It is not enough to consider our current needs; we must also consider the long-term effects of our actions and ensure that we do not compromise the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

Therefore, this notion of environmental sustainability requires a conscious and considered approach to our interaction with the natural environment. It involves making decisions that respect ecological limits, preserve biodiversity, minimize waste and pollution, and promote the efficient use of natural resources.

In practice, environmental sustainability encompasses a wide range of considerations and actions. It can include preserving natural habitats and protecting endangered species, promoting renewable energy sources over fossil fuels, encouraging recycling and reducing waste, and promoting sustainable agricultural practices that protect soil quality and biodiversity.

By fully understanding and applying the principles of environmental sustainability, we can help ensure our planet’s and future generations’ well-being. The challenge and opportunity lie in integrating these principles into our everyday actions, policy decisions, business strategies, and broader societal behavior.

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Social sustainability: the human element of enduring progress

While environmental sustainability is often the focus of discussions on sustainable development, social sustainability is equally important. It is one of the critical pillars of the holistic sustainability model and directly affects the quality of life of current and future generations. But what is social sustainability?

At its core, social sustainability focuses on creating and maintaining the conditions for good societal health. It includes improving quality of life, building solid social systems, ensuring social justice, and fostering a sense of inclusion and connectedness.

There are many facets to social sustainability, including but not limited to:

  • Social equity and justice: This includes ensuring fair treatment and access to resources and opportunities regardless of social status, ethnicity, gender, or age. It provides for efforts to reduce income inequality, improve social mobility, and address systemic social biases.
  • Health and well-being: Social sustainability encompasses both physical and mental health. It aims to create conditions for people to live healthy lives, including access to health care, nutritious food, clean water, and a safe environment.
  • Community development: Strong, resilient communities are essential to social sustainability. This includes fostering a sense of belonging, improving community resources, and supporting community-led initiatives.
  • Education: Access to quality education is a critical aspect of social sustainability. It enables individuals to improve their situation and contributes to social mobility.
  • Cultural preservation: Recognizing and preserving cultural diversity and heritage is essential to social sustainability, contributing to a prosperous, vibrant society.

Social sustainability is critical because it directly impacts the harmony and well-being of societies. Without it, we risk exacerbating social inequalities, creating tensions, and threatening the social fabric of our communities. By working towards social sustainability, we create societies where everyone has the opportunity to thrive and where the quality of life is improved for all, now and in the future.

The power and promise of economic sustainability

While environmental and social sustainability often capture the spotlight in sustainability discussions, economic sustainability forms the third critical pillar in this holistic model. Yet, it’s a concept that can often be complex and somewhat misunderstood. Economic sustainability revolves around creating long-term economic value, whereby economic activity should be designed so that economies can continue to produce and thrive over the long haul without depleting the resources they depend on.

In essence, economic sustainability involves three fundamental principles:

  • Feasibility: Economies should operate financially sustainably and be viable in the long run. This includes operating within financial means and ensuring economic activities are profitable enough to continue.
  • Efficiency: This involves maximizing available resources, minimizing waste, and maximizing outputs. Efficiency also pertains to the reasonable and practical use of natural resources in economic activity.
  • Equity: Economic sustainability is not just about growth. It also ensures the economic benefits are distributed fairly across society, contributing to social sustainability.

One of the main reasons economic sustainability is so crucial is that it is interconnected with both environmental and social sustainability. An economically unsustainable system can lead to over-exploitation of natural resources, causing environmental degradation. Similarly, it can exacerbate social inequality if the economic benefits are not distributed fairly.

Economic sustainability is about resilience and adaptability. Economies must withstand shocks, such as financial crises or pandemics, and adapt to long-term changes, like technological advancements or shifting trade patterns.

Economic sustainability requires thoughtful policy-making, responsible business practices, and individual action. It involves making strategic economic decisions that balance the need for economic growth and development to preserve resources, promote social equity, and maintain our planet’s health. Through economic sustainability, we can build robust economies that meet our needs today while ensuring future generations can meet their needs tomorrow.

The interplay of environmental, social, and economic sustainability

The principle of sustainability is often depicted as a Venn diagram in which the three spheres of sustainability – environmental, social, and economic – overlap. This overlap underscores the interrelated nature of these three forms of sustainability and speaks to the essence of a holistic approach to sustainable development.
In this holistic view, no single form of sustainability exists in isolation, nor can it be effectively addressed in isolation. Each affects and is affected by the others, creating a system in which the health of one depends on the health of all.

Consider the following examples:

  • Environmental and Social: Environmental issues include clean air, access to fresh water, and a safe climate. However, when they’re compromised, the most socially vulnerable individuals and communities are often affected first and most severely, highlighting the interconnectedness of environmental and social sustainability.
  • Environmental and Economical: Economic activities like manufacturing or agriculture rely heavily on ecological resources. When these resources are depleted or damaged, it can threaten the viability of those economic activities. Conversely, economic growth can pressure the environment if not managed sustainably.
  • Social and Economical: A robust economy can support solid social systems by providing jobs, supporting public services, and reducing poverty. However, if the economic benefits are not distributed equitably, it can lead to social inequalities and instability, which can, in turn, threaten economic sustainability.

To manage these interdependencies effectively, a holistic approach to sustainability is needed. This approach recognizes the inherent environmental, social, and economic interdependencies. It acknowledges that long-term solutions require balance and harmony among these three spheres and that decisions must simultaneously promote ecological health, social well-being, and economic prosperity.

By adopting this holistic approach to sustainability, we not only build resilience in each sphere but also enhance the system’s resilience as a whole. We create a world that can withstand shocks, adapt to change, and support the well-being of current and future generations.


By harnessing digital technologies, we can maintain a perfect balance between environmental sustainability, social development, and economic growth. Share on X

Digital technologies and their dual role in environmental sustainability

Digital technologies are a double-edged sword when it comes to environmental sustainability. On the one hand, they can drive significant efficiencies and open new avenues for sustainable living and business. On the other hand, they can also pose serious environmental challenges.

Let’s start with the challenges. The digital technology industry consumes significant energy and resources, from device manufacturing to data centers. Data centers, which underpin the Internet and the vast cloud services we use daily, are major electricity consumers and contribute significantly to global carbon emissions. Similarly, the production of digital devices requires significant energy and materials, often unsustainably sourced, and generates e-waste when these devices end their life.

On the positive side, digital technologies offer tremendous potential to improve environmental sustainability. For example, advanced analytics and artificial intelligence can improve resource management, helping us understand and predict resource use patterns to make more sustainable decisions. Smart grid technologies can optimize energy use and promote renewable energy sources. Remote sensing technologies can support conservation efforts by monitoring ecosystems and biodiversity.

So how can businesses and societies leverage digital technologies for environmental sustainability?

First, companies can improve the energy efficiency of their data centers and digital operations by using renewable energy sources where possible. They can also design their products for longevity and recyclability to reduce e-waste.

Second, companies can use digital technologies to improve their resource efficiency. This can include using analytics to optimize supply chains, IoT devices to monitor and reduce energy use, or AI to predict and respond to changes in resource demand.

Societies can also harness the power of digital technologies for sustainability. Public policies can encourage the use of digital technologies for environmental monitoring and conservation efforts. Education can increase digital literacy and empower citizens to use these tools to live more sustainably, such as managing their energy use or making more sustainable purchasing decisions.

In short, the ecological impacts of digital technologies are significant, but with a thoughtful and strategic approach, we can turn these tools into allies for environmental sustainability.

Leveraging Digital Technologies for Social Sustainability

Digital technologies have dramatically reshaped our societies, creating unprecedented opportunities and new challenges for social sustainability.

One of the critical challenges of the digital age is the “digital divide.” Despite the rapid spread of digital technologies, access to them is still not universal. Millions of people worldwide, particularly in rural areas and developing countries, lack reliable Internet access, which can marginalize these individuals and communities socially, economically, and politically. The digital divide also extends to digital literacy, as some people lack the skills to navigate the digital world effectively.

Another concern is privacy and data security. As we increasingly live online, our personal information becomes more exposed, raising questions about how that information is stored, used, and protected. Unauthorized use of personal data can lead to invasions of privacy and even discrimination.

Despite these challenges, when appropriately used, digital technologies can be a powerful tool for promoting social sustainability.

For businesses, this can involve using digital platforms to create inclusive and diverse workplaces, engaging with stakeholders online, or using data analytics to understand and address social issues. Businesses can also promote digital literacy and access, for example, by developing affordable digital products or providing digital skills training.

Governments can use digital technologies to enhance public services, improve transparency, and foster citizen engagement. They can also work to reduce the digital divide, for example, by investing in digital infrastructure and promoting digital literacy education.

Non-profit organizations can use digital technologies to mobilize support, raise awareness, and deliver services more effectively. They can also play a role in advocating for digital rights and advising on digital policy.

In conclusion, while digital technologies present new challenges for social sustainability, they also offer many opportunities. We can use digital technologies to build more inclusive, fair, and resilient societies by understanding and carefully managing these challenges and harnessing the options wisely.

Driving Economic Sustainability in the Digital Era

In the digital age, technologies like the Internet, artificial intelligence, and blockchain have become robust economic development and sustainability drivers. When harnessed correctly, they can foster innovation, boost economic growth, and enable fair competition, among other benefits.

Digital technologies can spur innovation by providing new tools, platforms, and techniques that encourage creativity and problem-solving. For example, AI can accelerate product development through rapid prototyping, while data analytics can generate insights that drive innovation in services and processes.

Furthermore, digital technologies can be catalysts for economic growth. They create new industries and jobs, increase productivity, and open new markets. The digital economy has been a significant source of growth in recent years, transforming sectors from retail and entertainment to manufacturing and healthcare.

Digital technologies can promote fair competition. In particular, the Internet has leveled the playing field in many ways, enabling small start-ups to compete with established firms by reaching customers directly and scaling up quickly.

However, for all their potential, digital technologies also challenge economic sustainability. For example, they can exacerbate income inequality by concentrating wealth among those with digital skills and access. They can also disrupt traditional industries, leading to job losses and economic displacement.

So, how can organizations promote economic sustainability in the digital era?

  • Promote Digital Inclusion: By ensuring broad access to digital technologies and skills, organizations can help distribute the digital economy’s economic benefits more equitably.
  • Invest in Digital Skills: By providing digital training and education, organizations can help workers adapt to the digital economy and seize opportunities.
  • Foster Innovation: Organizations can cultivate a culture of innovation that embraces digital technologies, encourages creative problem-solving, and enables continuous improvement.
  • Support Digital Ethics: By adopting ethical standards for digital practices, organizations can build customer trust, avoid legal pitfalls, and contribute to a fair and sustainable digital economy.

While digital technologies bring opportunities and challenges for economic sustainability, a thoughtful and inclusive approach can enable organizations to leverage these technologies for long-term economic health and prosperity.

Unleashing the power of digital technologies for holistic sustainability

Digital technologies possess an inherent transformative power that can be harnessed to balance the three forms of sustainability: environmental, social, and economic. This transformative potential lies in their ability to provide innovative solutions, connect people globally, drive efficiency, and promote transparency.

Let’s explore some examples of organizations and societies leveraging digital technologies to achieve this equilibrium:

  • The Energy Sector: Several energy companies are utilizing digital technologies to meet the intersection of the three forms of sustainability. Smart grids and IoT devices enable efficient energy use and distribution, thus promoting environmental sustainability. These systems also allow for greater accessibility and affordability of energy resources, thereby supporting social and economic sustainability.
  • Smart Cities: Around the globe, cities like Singapore and Barcelona are leveraging digital technologies to enhance urban living, reduce environmental impact, and drive economic growth. They’re using IoT for efficient resource management, AI to streamline public services, and data analytics to inform sustainable urban planning. This approach addresses all three forms of sustainability, creating a balance between environmental responsibility, social equity, and economic growth.
  • Digital Platforms: Companies like Airbnb and Uber have redefined traditional economic structures through their innovative use of digital platforms. These platforms promote economic sustainability by creating new job opportunities and stimulating competition. Simultaneously, they address social sustainability by improving accessibility to services. While these companies face environmental sustainability challenges, they have the potential to reduce environmental impacts through measures like encouraging shared rides or stays, thus reducing resource consumption.
  • Non-Profit Organizations: Non-profits like Code.org are using digital technology to address social sustainability by promoting digital literacy, aiming to provide every student with the opportunity to learn computer science. This initiative enables social inclusion and contributes to economic sustainability by equipping individuals with skills necessary for the digital economy.

Organizations and societies need to take a thoughtful and strategic approach to leverage the transformative potential of digital technologies. They must ensure that the benefits of these technologies are shared widely, that digital risks and harms are minimized, and that digital systems are designed and used to support the interconnected health of our environment, societies, and economies. The organizations and communities that achieve this will be best positioned to thrive in our rapidly evolving digital world.

Subscribe to our newsletterSteering the digital dawn towards sustainable management

In the post-digital age, where digital technologies are integral to everyday life, individuals will play a more significant role in driving sustainability. Empowered by technology, we will have greater control over our actions and their impact on our environment, society, and economy. Recognizing this power and the change we can create is vital to creating a sustainable future.

In this future society, we won’t be spectators but active participants, shaping our destiny through our choices and actions. Our purchasing decisions, online behavior, and digital interactions will all have ripple effects that can drive sustainable change. Armed with digital tools that make us more informed and connected, we have the potential to cause significant shifts in sustainability.

For example, the rise of digital platforms makes it easier than ever for us to choose sustainable products, engage in social activism, or support ethical businesses. Online educational platforms can teach us to make more sustainable choices. Social media can help us raise awareness of sustainability issues and hold companies and governments accountable.

This heightened sense of responsibility could be a wake-up call for those not currently motivated to strive for environmental, social, and economic sustainability. Realizing that our actions can directly affect our planet’s and society’s health may inspire more people to change their habits and behaviors.

However, this shift won’t happen automatically. It requires education, awareness, and a commitment to digital inclusion to ensure everyone can participate in the digital society and use its tools to foster sustainability. Organizations, governments, and individuals must work together to create this inclusive and sustainable post-digital society.

The post-digital society holds enormous potential for sustainable management. By understanding our power and harnessing digital technologies wisely, we can contribute to a more sustainable world in all three dimensions – environmental, social, and economic.

For a more in-depth analysis, I invite you to read my book ‘Toward a Post-Digital Society – Where Digital Evolution Meets People’s Revolution’, in which I explore how the advent of the digital is influencing our society in ways that extend beyond mere technology, touching fundamental aspects of environmental, social, and economic sustainability.

Embracing our role in shaping a sustainable post-digital world

The vision of a sustainable post-digital society should be more than an aspiration – it must be our shared commitment. It is a global pledge to utilize technology to enhance, not diminish, the quality of our lives. The power of the post-digital society lies not solely in the hands of technology but within the actions of the people who use it. We are the stewards of this digital dawn, responsible for guiding its course towards sustainable and equitable futures.

Our venture into the post-digital age has the potential to be an epic journey toward social, economic, and environmental sustainability. Indeed, the challenges we face are immense, as are the opportunities. We must leverage technology as an enabler, a catalyst that empowers individuals, drives social progress, and supports a more resilient and sustainable economy. But we must not forget that technology is just a tool – our choices and actions will ultimately shape its impact. Consequently, we are critical in molding a future without one being left behind.

Throughout our collective human experience, cooperative action has consistently been the bedrock of societal progress. We have repeatedly demonstrated our ability to adapt, innovate, and expand the realm of possibility in the face of significant challenges. The emergence of a sustainable post-digital society is merely the latest in this continuum of collective endeavors.

As we embark on this journey, the significance of unity and collaboration cannot be overstated. The power of cooperation serves as a guiding light, illuminating our path through obstacles and fostering positive change. Engaging actively with technology, using it as a tool for progress rather than a passive bystander, is a shared responsibility that falls upon all of us.

In the end, we should find comfort and inspiration in our shared history. Time and again, we have risen to the occasion to tackle the challenges of our times. This transition to a sustainable post-digital society is no different – it is another challenge, another shared endeavor that we can meet and conquer as a global community. Let’s harness this collective strength as we shape our digital future, striving to build a world that improves our lives and planet. This world is truly deserving of the label of a sustainable post-digital society.